Nursing Care Plan : Nanda Nursing Diagnosis

22 Nursing Diagnosis for Schizophrenia

Nursing Diagnosis for Schizophrenia

Like most other mental disorders, the cause of schizophrenia is still not clearly presented. Most people imagine schizophrenic as a person vulnerable to violence or uncontrolled attitude.

One of the most obvious kind of damage caused by schizophrenia involves how a person thinks. Individuals may lose the capacity to think rationally in evaluating the environment and how to interact with others. They often believe things that are not true, and may have difficulty accepting what they see as reality "true".

ncidence of schizophrenia in most emerging gradually that generally occurs in early adulthood stage - usually in the early 20s. Relatives and friends are able to see the early warning signs long before the major symptoms of schizophrenia occur in patients. During the initial phase, a person may appear not to have a purpose in life, became increasingly eccentric and unmotivated. They will isolate themselves and start to avoid family and their friends.

Here are the signs that indicate a person experiencing schizophrenia, as reported
  1. Social isolation or withdrawal from social interaction.
  2. Irrational, say or believe anything strange or odd.
  3. Increased paranoid or questioning the motives of others.
  4. Easy emotion.
  5. Hostility or suspicion.
  6. Increased dependence on drugs or alcohol (in an attempt to self-medicate).
  7. Lack of motivation.
  8. Speaking in a strange way not like themselves.
  9. Often laugh at inappropriate times.
  10. Insomnia or sleeplessness.
  11. The decline in personal appearance and hygiene.

Although there is no guarantee that someone who experienced one or more symptoms suffered from schizophrenia, eleven sign above could be a reference to identify whether there is a disorder that affects a person.

23 Nursing Diagnosis for Schizophrenia
  1. Anxiety 
  2. Bathing or hygiene self-care deficit
  3. Disabled family coping
  4. Disturbed body image
  5. Disturbed personal identity
  6. Disturbed sensory perception (auditory, visual, kinesthetic)
  7. Disturbed sleep pattern
  8. Disturbed thought processes
  9. Dressing or grooming self-care deficit
  10. Fear
  11. Hopelessness
  12. Imbalanced nutrition: Less than body requirements
  13. Impaired home maintenance
  14. Impaired social interaction
  15. Impaired verbal communication
  16. Ineffective coping
  17. Ineffective role performance
  18. Powerlessness
  19. Risk for injury
  20. Risk for other-directed violence
  21. Risk for self-directed violence
  22. Social isolation
Source :

Nursing Diagnosis

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