Diarrhea can affect anyone, both children and adults. Diarrhea is a disease in which the patient experienced bowel stimulation continuous and stools contains excessive water.
Diarrhea is not a disease that comes with its own. Usually there to trigger the occurrence of diarrhea. In general, here are some causes of diarrhea, namely:
- Infection by bacteria, viruses (mostly diarrhea in infants and children caused by rotavirus infection) or parasites.
- Allergies to certain foods or drugs, especially antibiotics.
- Infection by bacteria or viruses that accompanies other diseases such as measles, ear infections, throat infections, malaria, etc.
- Artificial sweeteners.
- In infants when introduced foods breast milk substitutes, often have diarrhea due to stomach efeksamping shocked with new food and beverage known side.
Diarrhea than caused by some viral infections and also as a result of bacterial toxins, can also be caused by environmental hygiene factors residence. Shabby and dirty environments evolve into a bacterial (E. coli), viruses, and parasites (fungi, worms, protozoa), and also flies that play a role in helping the spread of germs diarrhea.
The term Diarrhea is divided into various forms including:
- Acute diarrhea: less than 2 weeks.
- Persistent diarrhea: more than 2 weeks.
- Dysentery: bloody diarrhea with or without mucus.
- Cholera: diarrhea where stools are cholera bacteria.
If diarrhea is not treated immediately will cause death because according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
Symptoms of Diarrhea
Some of the symptoms of diarrhea can be directly identified or perceived by the patient. Among the symptoms are:
- Defecation constantly accompanied by prolonged heartburn
- Watery stool with a frequency of 4 x or more a day.
- Stiffness in the back, and abdomen often are sound.
- Dehydrated (lack of body fluids).
- Diarrhea caused by viruses can cause nausea and vomiting.
- Body lethargic or weak.
- It's hot.
- No appetite.
- Blood and mucus in the stool.
11 Nursing Diagnosis for Diarrhea