Bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia or "Bronchogenic pneumonia" (not to be confused with lobar pneumonia) is the acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles. It is a type of pneumonia characterised by multiple foci of isolated, acute consolidation, affecting one or more pulmonary lobules.
It is one of two types of bacterial pneumonia as classified by gross anatomic distribution of consolidation (solidification), the other being lobar pneumonia.
Nursing Diagnosis for Bronchopneumonia
- Ineffective Airway Clearance related to tracheobronchial inflammation, edema formation, increased sputum production. (Doenges, 1999: 166)
- Impaired Gas Exchange related to changes in alveolar capillary membrane, oxygen-carrying capacity of blood disorders, disorders of oxygen delivery. (Doenges, 1999: 166)
- Ineffective Breathing Pattern related to inflammatory processes in the alveoli. (Doenges, 1999: 177)
- Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance related to excessive fluid loss, decreased oral input. (Doenges, 1999: 172)
- Imbalance Nutrition : less than body requirements related to the metabolic needs secondary to fever and infection, anorexia related to bacterial toxins smell and taste of sputum, abdominal distension or gas. (Doenges, 1999: 171)
- Activity Intolerance related to insufficiency of oxygen for everyday activities. (Doenges, 1999: 170)