Like most other mental disorders, the cause of schizophrenia is still not clearly presented. Most people imagine schizophrenic as a person vulnerable to violence or uncontrolled attitude.
One of the most obvious kind of damage caused by schizophrenia involves how a person thinks. Individuals may lose the capacity to think rationally in evaluating the environment and how to interact with others. They often believe things that are not true, and may have difficulty accepting what they see as reality "true".
ncidence of schizophrenia in most emerging gradually that generally occurs in early adulthood stage - usually in the early 20s. Relatives and friends are able to see the early warning signs long before the major symptoms of schizophrenia occur in patients. During the initial phase, a person may appear not to have a purpose in life, became increasingly eccentric and unmotivated. They will isolate themselves and start to avoid family and their friends.
Here are the signs that indicate a person experiencing schizophrenia, as reported psychcentral.com.
- Social isolation or withdrawal from social interaction.
- Irrational, say or believe anything strange or odd.
- Increased paranoid or questioning the motives of others.
- Easy emotion.
- Hostility or suspicion.
- Increased dependence on drugs or alcohol (in an attempt to self-medicate).
- Lack of motivation.
- Speaking in a strange way not like themselves.
- Often laugh at inappropriate times.
- Insomnia or sleeplessness.
- The decline in personal appearance and hygiene.
Although there is no guarantee that someone who experienced one or more symptoms suffered from schizophrenia, eleven sign above could be a reference to identify whether there is a disorder that affects a person.
23 Nursing Diagnosis for Schizophrenia
- Bathing or hygiene self-care deficit
- Disabled family coping
- Disturbed body image
- Disturbed personal identity
- Disturbed sensory perception (auditory, visual, kinesthetic)
- Disturbed sleep pattern
- Disturbed thought processes
- Dressing or grooming self-care deficit
- Imbalanced nutrition: Less than body requirements
- Impaired home maintenance
- Impaired social interaction
- Impaired verbal communication
- Ineffective coping
- Ineffective role performance
- Risk for injury
- Risk for other-directed violence
- Risk for self-directed violence
- Social isolation