Myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, is the irreversible necrosis of heart muscle secondary to prolonged ischemia. This usually results from an imbalance in oxygen supply and demand, which is most often caused by plaque rupture with thrombus formation in a coronary vessel, resulting in an acute reduction of blood supply to a portion of the myocardium.
Nursing Diagnosis for Myocardial Infarction
- Acute Pain related to ischemic tissue, secondary to clogged arteries.
- Decreased Cardiac Output related to changes in power factors, reduction miocard characteristics.
- Activity Intolerance related to the imbalance between oxygen supply and demand miocard, the ischemic / necrotic tissue miocard.
- Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to decreased renal perfusion, increased sodium / water retention, increased hydrostatic pressure, decreased plasma proteins.
- Ineffective Tissue Perfusion related to ischemic heart muscle damage, narrowing / blockage of coronary arteries.
- Anxiety related to actual threats to biological integrity.
- Ineffective Coping
- Ineffective Sexuality Patterns