Colorectal cancer; Cancer - colon; Rectal cancer; Cancer - rectum; Adenocarcinoma - colon; Colon - adenocarcinoma
Colon, or colorectal, cancer is cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the colon).
Other types of cancer can affect the colon, such as lymphoma, carcinoid tumors, melanoma, and sarcomas. These are rare. In this article, use of the term "colon cancer" refers to colon carcinoma only.
There are 4 basic tests for colon cancer: a stool test (to check for blood); sigmoidoscopy (inspection of the lower colon; colonoscopy (inspection of the entire colon); and double contrast barium enema. All 4 are effective in catching cancers in the early stages, when treatment is most beneficial.
Nursing Diagnosis for Colon Cancer
- Constipation Impaction; Obstipation related to obstructive lesions
- Acute Pain / Chronic related to tissue compression secondary to obstruction
- Fatigue related to anemia and anorexia
- Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to nausea and anorexia
- Deficient Fluid Volume related to vomiting and dehydration
- Anxiety related to surgical planning and diagnosis of cancer
- Deficient Knowledge : the diagnosis, surgical procedures and treatments themselves after coming home
- Impaired skin integrity related to surgical incision (abdominal and perianal), stoma formation, and faecal contamination of the skin and periostomal
- Disturbed Body Image related denngan colostomy.