Nursing Care Plan : Nanda Nursing Diagnosis

Nursing Diagnosis for Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis was first introduced by Laennec in 1989. Bronchiectasis was once known as a disease that strikes people who are already old, but is now widely recognized with increasing frequency throughout the world and can be suffered by patients with a broad spectrum of age for both men and women, but prevalence is highest in women aged older. Patients with bronchiectasis suffer from a chronic cough with phlegm that is productive and significant bacterial growth resulting in decreased lung function, increased morbidity and can cause premature death (O'Donnell, 2008).

Bronchiectasis is a disease characterized by the presence of dilatation and local bronchial distortion, which are pathological and chronic, persistent or irreversible. Bronchial disorders are caused by changes in the bronchial wall in the form of destruction of elastic elements, bronchial smooth muscles, cartilage and blood vessels.

Dilatation of the bronchi in bronchiectasis associated with destruction and inflammation in the airway wall are medium size, often in bronchial segmentalis or subsegmentalis. Inflammation is primarily mediated by neutrophils and because of the increased regulation of enzymes such as elastase and matrix metalloproteinases.

Nursing Care Plan for Bronchiectasis

Nursing Diagnosis for Bronchiectasis
  1. Ineffective airway clearance related to increased production of viscous secretions or secretion
  2. Impaired gas exchange related to oxygen supply disruptions and damage to the alveoli
  3. Imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirements related to nausea, vomiting, sputum production, dispneu
  4. Risk of infection related to chronic disease process, malnutrition.
  5. Anxiety related to fear of difficulty breathing during an exacerbation phase, lack of knowledge about the treatment that will be implemented
  6. Activity intolerance related to damage to of gas exchange

Nursing Diagnosis

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