6 Nursing Diagnosis for Peritonitis

Peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin tissue that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs.

Types of peritonitis include:
  • Spontaneous Peritonitis - an infection that occurs as a complication of ascites (a collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity), which is usually related to liver or kidney failure
  • Secondary Peritonitis - caused by another condition, most commonly the spread of an infection from the digestive organs or bowels
  • Dialysis associated Peritonitis - This is an acute or chronic inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the peritoneum (lining of the abdominal cavity) that occurs in people receiving peritoneal dialysis. (surgerybrisbane.com.au)
Common symptoms of peritonitis include:
  • tenderness in the abdomen
  • pain in the abdomen that gets more intense with motion or touch
  • abdominal bloating or distention
  • nausea and vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • constipation or the inability to pass gas
  • passing only a small amount of urine
  • poor appetite
  • excessive thirst
  • fatigue
  • fever and chills

6 Nursing Diagnosis for Peritonitis
  1. Acute pain related to inflammation, fever and tissue damage.
  2. Risk for infection related to tissue trauma.
  3. Imbalanced Nutrition : less than body requirements related to anorexia and vomiting.
  4. Deficient Fluid Volume related to active fluid loss.
  5. Ineffective breathing pattern related to a decrease in the depth of breathing, abdominal distension secondary and avoid pain.
  6. Anxiety related to changes in health status.

Nursing Diagnosis

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