Rheumatoid arthritis is a long lasting autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints. It can cause problems in any joint in the body, although the small joints in the hands and feet are often the first to be affected.
The cause of Rheumatoid arthritis is not yet fully understood, although doctors do know that an abnormal response of the immune system plays a leading role in the inflammation and joint damage that occurs.
The symptoms vary from person to person. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis often develop gradually over several weeks, but some cases can progress quickly over a number of days.
The main symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis :
- Swelling, warmth and redness
- tiredness and a lack of energy
- a high temperature (fever)
- a poor appetite
- weight loss
5 Nursing Diagnosis for Rheumatoid Arthritis
1. Pain (acute / chronic)
tissue distended by the accumulation of fluid / inflammation,
2. Impaired physical mobility
decreased muscle strength.
3. Body Image Disturbance
changes in the ability to carry out common tasks,
increased use of energy,
4. Self-care deficit
decreased strength and endurance,
pain when moving,
5. Knowledge Deficit: about the disease, prognosis, and treatment needs
lack of exposure / recall,
misinterpretation of information.