Nursing Diagnosis for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Nursing Diagnosis for Hepatocellular Carcinoma


Hepatocellular carcinoma

Hepatocellular carcinoma
is the most common type of liver cancer. Most cases of HCC are secondary to either a viral hepatitide infection (hepatitis B or C) or cirrhosis (alcoholism being the most common cause of hepatic cirrhosis).

Signs and symptoms

HCC may present with jaundice, bloating from ascites, easy bruising from blood clotting abnormalities or as loss of appetite, unintentional weight loss, abdominal pain,especially in the upper -right part, nausea, emesis, or fatigue.


Nursing Diagnosis for Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  1. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements related to anorexia, nausea, impaired absorption, metabolism of vitamins.
  2. Ineffective Breathing Pattern related to the presence of ascites and emphasis diapragma.
  3. Acute pain related to tension in the abdominal wall.
  4. Risk for deficient fluid volume related to excessive ascites, bleeding, and edema.
  5. Risk for infection related to deficiency of white blood cells.
  6. Impaired Skin Integrity related to pruritus, edema, and ascites.
  7. Altered Sexuality and Sexual Dysfunction related to hormonal dysfunction and decreased libido.
  8. Anxiety related to hospitalization.
  9. Knowledge deficient: the disease process and its causes.
  10. Social isolation related to the risk of spreading infection.

Nursing Diagnosis

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