Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children. The virus is transmitted through contaminated food and water, and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system. Many infected people have no symptoms, but do excrete the virus in their faeces, hence transmitting infection to others.
Initial symptoms of polio include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck, and pain in the limbs. In a small proportion of cases, the disease causes paralysis, which is often permanent. Polio can only be prevented by immunization.
- Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements related to anorexia, nausea and vomiting
- Ineffective Thermoregulation related to the infection process
- Ineffective Airway Clearance related to muscle paralysis
- Ineffective Breathing Pattern related to muscle paralysis
- Acute pain related to the infection that attacks the nerve
- Impaired physical mobility related to paralysis
- Anxiety: in children and families related to disease conditions.